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Scales in tmap are configured by the family of functions with prefix tm_scale. Such function should be used for the input of the .scale arguments in the layer functions (e.g. fill.scale in tm_polygons()). The function tm_scale_interval() is used for numerical data.


  n = 5,
  style = ifelse(is.null(breaks), "pretty", "fixed"),
  style.args = list(),
  breaks = NULL,
  interval.closure = "left",
  midpoint = NULL,
  as.count = NA,
  values = NA,
  values.repeat = FALSE,
  values.range = NA,
  values.scale = NA, = NA,
  value.null = NA,
  value.neutral = NA,
  labels = NULL, = NA,
  label.null = NA,
  label.format = list()



Number of intervals. For some styles (see argument style below) it is the preferred number rather than the exact number.


Method to create intervals. Options are "cat", "fixed", "sd", "equal", "pretty", "quantile", "kmeans", "hclust", "bclust", "fisher", "jenks", "dpih", "headtails", and "log10_pretty". See the details in classInt::classIntervals() (extra arguments can be passed on via style.args).


List of extra arguments passed on to classInt::classIntervals().


Interval breaks (only used and required when style=="fixed")


value that determines whether where the intervals are closed: "left" or "right". If as.count = TRUE, inverval.closure is always set to "left".


The data value that is interpreted as the midpoint. By default it is set to 0 if negative and positive values are present. Useful when values are diverging colors. In that case, the two sides of the color palette are assigned to negative respectively positive values. If all values are positive or all values are negative, then the midpoint is set to NA, which means that the value that corresponds to the middle color class (see style) is mapped to the middle color. If it is specified for sequential color palettes (e.g. "Blues"), then this color palette will be treated as a diverging color palette.


Should the data variable be processed as a count variable? For instance, if style = "pretty", n = 2, and the value range of the variable is 0 to 10, then the column classes for as.count = TRUE are 0; 1 to 5; 6 to 10 (note that 0 is regarded as an own category) whereas for as.count = FALSE they are 0 to 5; 5 to 10. Only applicable if style is "pretty", "fixed", or "log10_pretty". By default, TRUE if style is one of these, and the variable is an integer.


(generic scale argument) The visual values. For colors (e.g. fill or col for tm_polygons()) this is a palette name from the cols4all package (see cols4all::c4a()) or vector of colors, for size (e.g. size for tm_symbols) these are a set of sizes (if two values are specified they are interpret as range), for symbol shapes (e.g. shape for tm_symbols) these are a set of symbols, etc. The tmap option values.var contains the default values per visual variable and in some cases also per data type.


(generic scale argument) Should the values be repeated in case there are more categories?


(generic scale argument) Range of the values. Vector of two numbers (both between 0 and 1) where the first determines the minimum and the second the maximum. Full range, which means that all values are used, is encoded as c(0, 1). For instance, when a gray scale is used for color (from black to white), c(0,1) means that all colors are used, 0.25, 0.75 means that only colors from dark gray to light gray are used (more precisely "gray25" to "gray75"), and 0, 0.5 means that only colors are used from black to middle grey ("grey50"). When only one number is specified, this is interpreted as the second number (where the first is set to 0). Default values can be set via the tmap option values.range.


(generic scale argument) Scaling of the values. Only useful for size-related visual variables, such as size of tm_symbols() and lwd of tm_lines().

(generic scale argument) Value used for missing values. See tmap option "" for defaults per visual variable.


(generic scale argument) Value used for NULL values. See tmap option "value.null" for defaults per visual variable. Null data values occur when out-of-scope features are shown (e.g. for a map of Europe showing a data variable per country, the null values are applied to countries outside Europe).


(generic scale argument) Value that can be considered neutral. This is used for legends of other visual variables of the same map layer. E.g. when both fill and size are used for tm_symbols() (using filled circles), the size legend items are filled with the value.neutral color from the fill.scale scale, and fill legend items are bubbles of size value.neutral from the size.scale scale.


(generic scale argument) Labels

(generic scale argument) Label for missing values


(generic scale argument) Label for null (out-of-scope) values


(generic scale argument) Label formatting (similar to legend.format in tmap3)